Validation and Exploration of Instruments for Assessing Public Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Nanotechnology

Shu Fen Lin, Huann shyang Lin, Yi ying Wu

研究成果: Article

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The purposes of this study were to develop instruments that assess public knowledge of nanotechnology (PKNT), public attitudes toward nanotechnology (PANT) and conduct a pilot study for exploring the relationship between PKNT and PANT. The PKNT test was composed of six scales involving major nanotechnology concepts, including size and scale, structure of matter, size-dependent properties, forces and interactions, tools and instrumentation, as well as science, technology, and society. After item analysis, 26 multiple-choice questions were selected for the PKNT test with a KR-20 reliability of 0.91. Twenty items were developed in the PANT questionnaire which can be classified as scales of trust in government and industry, trust in scientists, and perception of benefit and risk. Cronbach alpha for the PANT questionnaire was 0.70. In a pilot study, 209 citizens, varying in age, were selected to respond to the instruments. Results indicated that about 70 % of respondents did not understand most of the six major concepts involving nanotechnology. The public tended to distrust government and industry and their levels of trust showed no relationship to their levels of knowledge about nanotechnology. However, people perceived that nanotechnology provided high benefits and high risks. Their perceptions of the benefits and risks were positively related with their knowledge level of nanotechnology. People's trust showed a negative relationship to their risk perception. Implications for using these instruments in research are discussed in this paper.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)548-559
頁數12
期刊Journal of Science Education and Technology
22
發行號4
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013 八月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Engineering(all)

指紋 深入研究「Validation and Exploration of Instruments for Assessing Public Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Nanotechnology」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

  • 引用此