The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99% yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Organic Chemistry