The determine the site of vitellin (Vn) synthesis in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, tissues (ovary, hepatopancreas, and gill) from adult female crabs were incubated in vitro with [35S]methionine. Tissue extracts were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and radiolabeled proteins were visualized by autoradiography: Four radiolabeled ovarian proteins (188, 168, 109, and 86 kDa) comigrated with the subunits of Vn. A Western blot analysis confirmed that these ovarian proteins were the Vn subunits. Proteins in the hepatopancreas and gill were also radiolabeled but were not Vn‐immunoreactive. In vitro incorporation of [35S] methionine into ovarian proteins was inhibited by an extract of eyestalks; the inhibition was dose‐dependent and specific. Autoradiography of the electrophoretically separated ovarian proteins revealed that the eyestalk extract inhibited incorporation of [35S] methionine into numerous proteins, including the Vn subunits. These results suggest that the ovary is a site of Vn synthesis and that the eyestalks contain a factor or factors that directly inhibit the synthesis of Vn and other ovarian proteins. It is anticipated that the suppression of ovarian protein synthesis will be a useful bioassay for blue crab vitellogenesis‐inhibiting hormone. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology