Wavelength division multiplexing techniques based on cascaded volume holographic filters in LiNbo3 crystals with 90-degree geometry

Xuan Hao Lee, Wei-Chia Su, Wen Hao Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

A two-channel demultiplexer with channel spacing 1nm and the bandwidth around 1nm is demonstrated. The demultiplexer device is established based on cascaded holographic filters. Each filter addresses a channel. Each filter is established by constructing a single volume holographic gating in a single LiNbO3 crystal and it drops the light from a specific DWDM channel (wavelengths of ∼1550nm) with 90-degree geometry. Volume holographic gratings in photorefractive material have been applied to demultiplexer devices in DWDM systems owing to the narrow spectral selectivity. However, when channel numbers in a volume hologram is increased, we have to store more holographic gratings in this recording medium. Thus, the diffraction efficiency of each channel will decrease because all the gratings share the dynamic range of the recording material. In our design, the dynamic range can be efficiently used and thus the diffraction intensities of each channel can be increased. In addition, the device could be compact owing to the 90-degree geometry. In this device, we can increase the channel number by cascading another different filter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number61801H
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6180
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 5
EventPhotonics, Devices and Systems III - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 2005 Jun 82005 Jun 11

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Holographic gratings
Dense wavelength division multiplexing
wavelength division multiplexing
Multiplexing
Wavelength division multiplexing
Division
Crystal
Photorefractive materials
Wavelength
Filter
Holographic Grating
filters
Crystals
Diffraction efficiency
Geometry
Holograms
Dynamic Range
geometry
crystals
Diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "A two-channel demultiplexer with channel spacing 1nm and the bandwidth around 1nm is demonstrated. The demultiplexer device is established based on cascaded holographic filters. Each filter addresses a channel. Each filter is established by constructing a single volume holographic gating in a single LiNbO3 crystal and it drops the light from a specific DWDM channel (wavelengths of ∼1550nm) with 90-degree geometry. Volume holographic gratings in photorefractive material have been applied to demultiplexer devices in DWDM systems owing to the narrow spectral selectivity. However, when channel numbers in a volume hologram is increased, we have to store more holographic gratings in this recording medium. Thus, the diffraction efficiency of each channel will decrease because all the gratings share the dynamic range of the recording material. In our design, the dynamic range can be efficiently used and thus the diffraction intensities of each channel can be increased. In addition, the device could be compact owing to the 90-degree geometry. In this device, we can increase the channel number by cascading another different filter.",
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N2 - A two-channel demultiplexer with channel spacing 1nm and the bandwidth around 1nm is demonstrated. The demultiplexer device is established based on cascaded holographic filters. Each filter addresses a channel. Each filter is established by constructing a single volume holographic gating in a single LiNbO3 crystal and it drops the light from a specific DWDM channel (wavelengths of ∼1550nm) with 90-degree geometry. Volume holographic gratings in photorefractive material have been applied to demultiplexer devices in DWDM systems owing to the narrow spectral selectivity. However, when channel numbers in a volume hologram is increased, we have to store more holographic gratings in this recording medium. Thus, the diffraction efficiency of each channel will decrease because all the gratings share the dynamic range of the recording material. In our design, the dynamic range can be efficiently used and thus the diffraction intensities of each channel can be increased. In addition, the device could be compact owing to the 90-degree geometry. In this device, we can increase the channel number by cascading another different filter.

AB - A two-channel demultiplexer with channel spacing 1nm and the bandwidth around 1nm is demonstrated. The demultiplexer device is established based on cascaded holographic filters. Each filter addresses a channel. Each filter is established by constructing a single volume holographic gating in a single LiNbO3 crystal and it drops the light from a specific DWDM channel (wavelengths of ∼1550nm) with 90-degree geometry. Volume holographic gratings in photorefractive material have been applied to demultiplexer devices in DWDM systems owing to the narrow spectral selectivity. However, when channel numbers in a volume hologram is increased, we have to store more holographic gratings in this recording medium. Thus, the diffraction efficiency of each channel will decrease because all the gratings share the dynamic range of the recording material. In our design, the dynamic range can be efficiently used and thus the diffraction intensities of each channel can be increased. In addition, the device could be compact owing to the 90-degree geometry. In this device, we can increase the channel number by cascading another different filter.

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