We report direct synthesis of the potassium sodium cobalt oxyhydrates (Na,K)x(H2O)yCoO2-δ using the aqueous KMnO4 solution. Two distinct novel phases of (Na,K)x(H2O)yCoO2-δ are synthesized depending on the molar ratio of KMnO4/Na used to treat γ-Na0.7CoO2. Low molar ratio of KMnO4/Na leads to a superconductive phase with c≈19.6 Å, whereas high molar ratio of KMnO4/Na leads to a non-superconductive phase with c≈13.9 Å. According to the chemical analyses, it is found that a partial or even almost complete replacement of K+ for Na+ in the alkaline layers. When using aqueous KMnO4 solution with low molar ratio of KMnO4/Na, the water intercalation is very slow. We also present the XANES spectra on (Na,K)x(H2O)yCoO2-δ. The oxidation state of the Co for the 0.3X sample (c≈19.6 Å) is higher than that of the 40X sample (c≈13.9 Å) with a chemical shift of 3.5 eV.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics