We investigate the rotating spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates with anisotropic spin-orbit coupling by using the damped projected Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The anisotropic spin-orbit coupling can cause some vortices to form the vortex chain, where the vortices link up with each other in a line. The formation of the vortex chain starts from very small rotation frequency and coexists with more remanent vortices with the increasing rotation frequency. By increasing the anisotropy of the spin-orbit coupling, the creation of the vortex chain is enhanced, accompanied by the emergence of several types of vortex chain and other vortex configurations. When the vortices of the mF=-1 and mF=+1 components are of synchronous phases, such vortex configurations do not cause any topological excitation in the spin texture.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Jun 24|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics