Vocational rehabilitation services tailored to employment status of prime working-age adults with HIV/AIDS

George Mamboleo, Kevin Bengtson, Jia Rung Wu, Cahit Kaya, Ebonee T. Johnson, Xiaolei Tang, Rana Yaghmaian, Fong Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although HIV is considered a long-term controllable infection and a chronic illness, obstacles and challenges of obtaining and maintaining employment among adults living with HIV/AIDS still remain. State vocational rehabilitation service can play an important role to help people with HIV/AIDS stay at work or return to work. It is however, unclear whether state vocational rehabilitation agencies provide tailored services that are based on the stay-at-work vs return-to-work status of clients with HIV/AIDS rather than providing the same set of services for all HIV clients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vocational rehabilitation service provision is different between persons with HIV/AIDS who are (a) employed but applying services to maintain employment, and (b) unemployed and applying for services to gain employment. Multiple discriminant analysis (MDA) results revealed that employed and unemployed persons with HIV at application did in fact receive different sets of services directed to whether the goal of rehabilitation was to address concerns related to job retention or the goal is to find a job after a period of unemployment. Findings of this study provide empirical evidence supporting that counselors do provide services tailored to the stay-at-work and return-to-work needs of individuals with HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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