Vocational rehabilitation services and competitive employment for transition-age youth with autism spectrum disorders

Cahit Kaya, Fong Chan, Phillip Rumrill, Ellie Hartman, Paul Wehman, Kanako Iwanaga, Chia Hui Pai, Lauren Avellone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the extent to which demographic characteristics, Social Security disability benefits, and vocational rehabilitation (VR) services influence competitive employment outcomes for transition-age youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHODS: The Rehabilitation Services Administration's Case Service Reports (RSA-911) database for Fiscal Year 2011 was examined using a purposeful selection multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Results indicated that participants who received on-the-job support, job placement services, rehabilitation technology, occupational/vocational training, other services, job search assistance, vocational counseling and guidance, and job readiness training from the state-federal VR program were significantly more likely to achieve competitive employment than were participants who did not receive those services. In addition, higher levels of educational attainment, receiving a greater number of VR services, and not receiving Social Security disability benefits were positively associated with competitive employment outcomes. In contrast to findings reported in other studies of VR participants with ASD, gender was not associated with competitive employment outcomes. CONCLUSION: Overall, the number and type of VR services had more influence on competitive employment than did demographic variables or Social Security disability benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-83
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy

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