Understanding critical demographic variables affecting patient safety culture from nurses' viewpoints

Chih Yi Chi, Chih Hsuan Huang, Yii Ching Lee, Cheng Feng Wu, Hsin Hung Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify critical demographic variables that would significant influence each dimension of patient safety culture. Understanding nurses' attitudes toward patient safety is important for healthcare organizations to relentlessly improve medical quality and services for patients. Design/methodology/approach: The internal survey data sets in 2015 and 2016 from nurses' viewpoints are used. Linear regression with forward selection is applied where nine demographic variables are the input variables, while each dimension of the Chinese version of safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ) is the dependent variable. Findings: Supervisor/manager is the most essential demographic variable that has significant impacts on six dimensions. Experience in organization is the other critical demographic variable. Practical implications: Nurses who are in charge of supervisors/managers are more satisfied in six of eight dimensions. Nurses who have much experience in an organization tend to have less satisfaction in three dimensions. Therefore, hospital management should enhance the leader's effectiveness in engaging their subordinates' commitment. Originality/value: The results enable the hospital management to pay much attention to two major demographic variables, namely supervisor/manager and experience in organization, in order to improve the patient safety culture based on the Chinese version of SAQ in this hospital. Moreover, supervisor/manager is a more critical demographic variable for nurses due to larger absolute values of standardized coefficients by linear regression with forward selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-440
Number of pages12
JournalTQM Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management

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