We investigate the effects of long-ranged dipole-dipole potential on the transition temperature of a weakly interacting Bose gas. We apply the two-fluid model to derive the energy spectra of the thermal and the condensate parts. From the interaction modified spectra of the system, the formula for the shift of transition temperature was derived. Compared to the conventional weakly interacting Bose system with contact potential only where thermal effect is larger, we find that the condensate effect is about two times that of the thermal part in the dipolar system. Due to the relative smallness of dipole-dipole interaction with respect to the contact interaction in current dipolar Bose-Einstein condensation, we suggest to measure the dipolar effect by tuning the scattering length to negligible small by the Feshbach resonance technique.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Mar 15|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics