Thermoelectric and magnetic properties of Ca0.98RE 0.02MnO3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy)

Ankam Bhaskar, Chia-Jyi Liu, J. J. Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycrystalline samples of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO 3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy) have been prepared by conventional solid-state reactions and their properties measured at 300 K to 700 K. All samples were single phase with orthorhombic structure. The average valence and oxygen content of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO3-δ were determined by iodometric titration. Doping at the Ca site by rare-earth metals causes a strong decrease of electrical resistivity due to the creation of charge carrier content by Mn3+ in the Mn4+ matrix, as evidenced by iodometric titration results. The Seebeck coefficient of all the samples was negative, indicating that the predominant carriers are electrons over the entire temperature range. Among the doped samples, Ca0.98Dy 0.02MnO3-δ had the highest dimensionless figure of merit of 0.073 at 612 K, representing an improvement of about 115% with respect to the undoped CaMnO3-δ sample at the same temperature. All the samples exhibited an antiferromagnetic transition with Néel temperature of around 120 K. Magnetization measurements indicated that Ca 0.98RE0.02 MnO3-δ samples exhibited a high-spin state of Mn3+.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2338-2344
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

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Magnetic properties
magnetic properties
Titration
Rare Earth Metals
Seebeck coefficient
Charge carriers
Solid state reactions
Temperature
Rare earths
Magnetization
titration
Doping (additives)
Oxygen
Electrons
Metals
Seebeck effect
figure of merit
temperature
charge carriers
rare earth elements

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Thermoelectric and magnetic properties of Ca0.98RE 0.02MnO3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy)",
abstract = "Polycrystalline samples of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO 3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy) have been prepared by conventional solid-state reactions and their properties measured at 300 K to 700 K. All samples were single phase with orthorhombic structure. The average valence and oxygen content of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO3-δ were determined by iodometric titration. Doping at the Ca site by rare-earth metals causes a strong decrease of electrical resistivity due to the creation of charge carrier content by Mn3+ in the Mn4+ matrix, as evidenced by iodometric titration results. The Seebeck coefficient of all the samples was negative, indicating that the predominant carriers are electrons over the entire temperature range. Among the doped samples, Ca0.98Dy 0.02MnO3-δ had the highest dimensionless figure of merit of 0.073 at 612 K, representing an improvement of about 115{\%} with respect to the undoped CaMnO3-δ sample at the same temperature. All the samples exhibited an antiferromagnetic transition with N{\'e}el temperature of around 120 K. Magnetization measurements indicated that Ca 0.98RE0.02 MnO3-δ samples exhibited a high-spin state of Mn3+.",
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Thermoelectric and magnetic properties of Ca0.98RE 0.02MnO3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy). / Bhaskar, Ankam; Liu, Chia-Jyi; Yuan, J. J.

In: Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 41, No. 9, 01.01.2012, p. 2338-2344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bhaskar, Ankam

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N2 - Polycrystalline samples of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO 3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy) have been prepared by conventional solid-state reactions and their properties measured at 300 K to 700 K. All samples were single phase with orthorhombic structure. The average valence and oxygen content of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO3-δ were determined by iodometric titration. Doping at the Ca site by rare-earth metals causes a strong decrease of electrical resistivity due to the creation of charge carrier content by Mn3+ in the Mn4+ matrix, as evidenced by iodometric titration results. The Seebeck coefficient of all the samples was negative, indicating that the predominant carriers are electrons over the entire temperature range. Among the doped samples, Ca0.98Dy 0.02MnO3-δ had the highest dimensionless figure of merit of 0.073 at 612 K, representing an improvement of about 115% with respect to the undoped CaMnO3-δ sample at the same temperature. All the samples exhibited an antiferromagnetic transition with Néel temperature of around 120 K. Magnetization measurements indicated that Ca 0.98RE0.02 MnO3-δ samples exhibited a high-spin state of Mn3+.

AB - Polycrystalline samples of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO 3-δ (RE = Sm, Gd, and Dy) have been prepared by conventional solid-state reactions and their properties measured at 300 K to 700 K. All samples were single phase with orthorhombic structure. The average valence and oxygen content of Ca0.98RE0.02MnO3-δ were determined by iodometric titration. Doping at the Ca site by rare-earth metals causes a strong decrease of electrical resistivity due to the creation of charge carrier content by Mn3+ in the Mn4+ matrix, as evidenced by iodometric titration results. The Seebeck coefficient of all the samples was negative, indicating that the predominant carriers are electrons over the entire temperature range. Among the doped samples, Ca0.98Dy 0.02MnO3-δ had the highest dimensionless figure of merit of 0.073 at 612 K, representing an improvement of about 115% with respect to the undoped CaMnO3-δ sample at the same temperature. All the samples exhibited an antiferromagnetic transition with Néel temperature of around 120 K. Magnetization measurements indicated that Ca 0.98RE0.02 MnO3-δ samples exhibited a high-spin state of Mn3+.

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