The numerical analysis of strain behavior at the solder joint and interface in a flip chip package

S. C. Chen, Y. C. Lin, C. H. Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the strain behaviors at the joint interface of a flip chip package during thermal cycling testing using a numerical method. Because the underfill and solder bump material properties exhibit a large non-linearity in the higher temperature range, the linear elastic assumption may lose accuracy during numerical analysis. This study compared the differences in interfacial stress or strain between the linear and non-linear material property assumptions. The viscoplasticity of the solder bump and temperature-dependent underfill properties were assumed in the non-linear analysis. The numerical results showed that the solder bump failure mechanism was a combination of fatigue and creep actions dominated by plastic shear strain. The tensile stress due to shrinkage and hardening in the solder joints in the low thermal cycle temperature dwell period could result in ablation at the joint interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume171
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 10

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Soldering alloys
Numerical analysis
Materials properties
Viscoplasticity
Shear strain
Nonlinear analysis
Thermal cycling
Ablation
Tensile stress
Temperature
Hardening
Numerical methods
Creep
Fatigue of materials
Plastics
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The aim of this study was to investigate the strain behaviors at the joint interface of a flip chip package during thermal cycling testing using a numerical method. Because the underfill and solder bump material properties exhibit a large non-linearity in the higher temperature range, the linear elastic assumption may lose accuracy during numerical analysis. This study compared the differences in interfacial stress or strain between the linear and non-linear material property assumptions. The viscoplasticity of the solder bump and temperature-dependent underfill properties were assumed in the non-linear analysis. The numerical results showed that the solder bump failure mechanism was a combination of fatigue and creep actions dominated by plastic shear strain. The tensile stress due to shrinkage and hardening in the solder joints in the low thermal cycle temperature dwell period could result in ablation at the joint interface.",
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The numerical analysis of strain behavior at the solder joint and interface in a flip chip package. / Chen, S. C.; Lin, Y. C.; Cheng, C. H.

In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 171, No. 1, 10.01.2006, p. 125-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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