The interaction effects of meteorological factors and air pollution on the development of acute coronary syndrome

Ching Hui Huang, Heng Cheng Lin, Chen Dao Tsai, Hung Kai Huang, Ie Bin Lian, Chia Chu Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the interaction effects of meteorological factors and air pollutants on the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Data of ACS patients were obtained from the Taiwan ACS Full Spectrum Registry and comprised 3164 patients with a definite onset date during the period October 2008 and January 2010 at 39 hospitals. Meteorological conditions and air pollutant concentrations at the 39 locations during the 488-day period were obtained. Time-lag Poisson and logistic regression were used to explore their association with ACS incidence. One-day lag atmospheric pressure (AP), humidity, particulate matter (PM2.5, and PM10), and carbon monoxide (CO) all had significant interaction effects with temperature on ACS occurrence. Days on which high temperatures (>26 °C) and low AP (<1009 hPa) occurred the previous day were associated with a greater likelihood of increased incidence of developing ACS. Typhoon Morakot was an example of high temperature with extremely low AP associated with higher ACS incidence than the daily average. Combinations of high concentrations of PM or CO with low temperatures (<21 °C) and high humidity levels with low temperatures were also associated with increased incidence of ACS. Atmospheric pollution and weather factors have synergistic effects on the incidence of ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44004
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 9

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Meteorological Concepts
Air Pollution
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Atmospheric Pressure
Temperature
Incidence
Air Pollutants
Carbon Monoxide
Humidity
Cyclonic Storms
Particulate Matter
Weather
Taiwan
Registries
Logistic Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Huang, Ching Hui ; Lin, Heng Cheng ; Tsai, Chen Dao ; Huang, Hung Kai ; Lian, Ie Bin ; Chang, Chia Chu. / The interaction effects of meteorological factors and air pollution on the development of acute coronary syndrome. In: Scientific Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 7.
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The interaction effects of meteorological factors and air pollution on the development of acute coronary syndrome. / Huang, Ching Hui; Lin, Heng Cheng; Tsai, Chen Dao; Huang, Hung Kai; Lian, Ie Bin; Chang, Chia Chu.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, 44004, 09.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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