We investigate the effects of hydrophobic silica nanoparticles (SNs) on blue-phase liquid crystals (BPLCs). The optical microscope and reflection spectra observation reveal that a tiny hydrophobic SN dopant stabilises the BPLC phase, and widens the temperature range of the BP I phase. Furthermore, the doped dilute SNs can fine-tune their positions to relax the formation stress of the BPLC lattices, and slightly increase the platelet sizes of the BPLCs. The doped SNs also decrease the driving voltage and response time of the BPLC cell, because the added SNs decrease the elastic constant of the LC host and the relaxation time constant of the BPLC mixture.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics