The aqueous soluble polyphenolic fraction of Psidium guajava leaves exhibits potent anti-angiogenesis and anti-migration actions on DU145 cells

Kuan Chou Chen, Chiung Chi Peng, Chiung Huei Peng, Chiu Lan Hsieh, Robert Y. Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


The aqueous extract of Psidium guajava budding leaves (PE) bears an extremely high content of polyphenolic and isoflavonoids. Whether it could be used as an anti-tumor chemopreventive in view of anti-angiogenesis and anti-migration, we performed the assay methods including the MTT assay to examine the cell viability; the ELISA assay to test the expressions of VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8; the western blot analysis to detect TIMP-2; the gelatinolytic zymography to follow the expression of MMPs; the wound scratch assay to examine the migration capability; and the chicken chorioallantoic membrane assay to detect the suppressive angiogenesis. Results indicated that the IC50 of PE for DU145 cells was ∼0.57mgml(1). In addition, PE effectively inhibited the expressions of VEGF, IL-6 and IL-8 cytokines, and MMP-2 and MMP-9, and simultaneously activated TIMP-2 and suppressed the cell migration and the angiogenesis. Conclusively, PE potentially possesses a strong anti-DU145 effect. Thus, clinically it owns the potential to be used as an effective adjuvant anti-cancer chemopreventive.

Original languageEnglish
Article number219069
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 19


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this