The influence of La substitution by rare-earth elements on the magnetization behaviors of perovskite oxides, La0.7-x Lnx Pb0.3 MnO3 (Ln = Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy, Sm and Y), is investigated. The replacement of La ion by Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy, Sm or Y results in a considerable decrease in the ferromagnetic ordering temperature TC and clearly irreversible behavior in the FC-ZFC curves showing a short-range spin order phase. The fact is in agreement with the smaller ionic radii of Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy, Sm and Y ions in contrast to La ion and the corresponding larger distortion of perovskite structures. The saturation magnetization MS increases as Pr or Nd content increases while MS decreases as Sm or Y content increases. Moreover, the saturation magnetization MS increases and then decreases as Gd or Dy content increases. These results can be explained in terms of the competition between the increase of ferromagnetically interacting spins due to the introduction of magnetic ions with f-shell electrons and suppression of ferromagnetism due to structure tuning induced by the small ionic radius of the interpolated cation into the La-site.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry