Synthesis and characterization of layered sodium cobaltates

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The layered sodium cobaltates γ-NaxCoO2 show low electrical conductivity andlarge thermopower. These features are required for candidate materials in thermoelectricapplications. Superconductive sodium cobalt oxyhydrates can be obtained by topotactictransformation of γ-NaxCoO2 via oxidative de-intercalation and hydration. This chapterpresents the synthesis of γ-Na0.7CoO2 in the form of sol-gel bulk, films, nanotubules andsubmicron tubules. Materials characterization of γ-NaxCoO2 and cobalt oxyhydrates willbe also presented. According to thermopower analysis, band narrowing is observed when γ-Na0.7CoO2 is transformed to potassium sodium cobaltoxyhydrates. According to theCo K-edge x-ray absorption spectra, the Co oxidation number for bi-layer hydrateNa0.33K0.02(H2O)1.33CoO2 is higher than that of mono-layer hydrate Na0.07K0.21(H2O)0.63CoO2 with a chemical shift of 3.5 eV, which is in sharp contrast with Co Kedgex-ray absorption spectroscopy and cerimetric titration results for Nax(H2O)yCoO2,where there is essentially no difference of the oxidation number of Co between bi-layerand mono-layer sodium cobalt oxyhydrates.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCobalt
Subtitle of host publicationCharacteristics, Compounds and Applications
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages225-260
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9781613241035
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Liu, C-J. (2011). Synthesis and characterization of layered sodium cobaltates. In Cobalt: Characteristics, Compounds and Applications (pp. 225-260). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..