Surface textured ZnO:Al thin films by pulsed DC magnetron sputtering for thin film solar cells applications

W. T. Yen, Yi-Cheng or Y. C. Lin, J. H. Ke

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62 Citations (Scopus)


Transparent conducting thin films of ZnO:Al (Al-doped ZnO, AZO) were prepared via pulsed DC magnetron sputtering with good transparency and relatively lower resistivity. The AZO films with 800 nm in thickness were deposited on soda-lime glass substrates keeping at 473 K under 0.4 Pa working pressure, 150 W power, 100 μs duty time, 5 μs pulse reverse time, 10 kHz pulse frequency and 95% duty cycle. The as-deposited AZO thin films has resistivity of 6.39 × 10 -4 Ω cm measured at room temperature with average visible optical transmittance, T total of 81.9% under which the carrier concentration and mobility were 1.95 × 10 21 cm -3 and 5.02 cm 2 V -1 s -1 , respectively. The films were further etched in different aqueous solutions, 0.5% HCl, 5% oxalic acid, 33% KOH, to conform light scattering properties. The resultant films etched in 0.5% HCl solution for 30 s exhibited high T total = 78.4% with haze value, H T = 0.1 and good electrical properties, ρ = 8.5 × 10 -4 Ω cm while those etched in 5% oxalic acid for 150 s had desirable H T = 0.2 and relatively low electrical resistivity, ρ = 7.9 × 10 -4 Ω cm. However, the visible transmittance, T total was declined to 72.1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960-968
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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