Subtropical soil chronosequence on holocene marine terraces in eastern Taiwan

Wen Shu Huang, Heng Tsai, Chen Chi Tsai, Zeng Yei Hseu, Zueng Sang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan is characterized by rapid uplift at a rate of about 5 mm yr-1 because of active arc-continent collision since the Mio-Pliocene. The Coastal Range includes three main levels of Holocene marine terraces, labeled the first, second, and third levels descending to the coast. The soils that have developed on the terraces provide a chronosequence for pedogenic studies. Thirteen soil pedons formed from conglomerate associated with tuff were sampled along three transects in the central and southern part of the eastern coast of Taiwan near the localities of Chang-Bin, Cheng-Gong, and Du-Lan. The sous of the oldest terrace (first level) are mainly Typic Hapluderts with one Typic Hapludoll; the soils of the intermediate terrace (second level) are Vertic or Typic Hapludolls; and the soils of the youngest terrace (third level) are Typic Udipsamments. The degree of development of these soils can be determined from horizon index (HI), weighted profile development index (WPDI), weighted mean profile (WMP) clay, WMP silt, WMP sand, and WMP cation exchange capacity with correlation coefficients (r) >0.6 by linear or logarithmic functions. Comparisons of the chronohinctions based on WMP clay data in subtropical and Mediterranean climates suggest that climatic conditions not only control weathering intensity but also influence rates of soil development. The pedogenic evidence in this study supports the correlation of terraces suggested by previous geomorphic and tectonic studies. The anomalous, relatively weaker degree of soil development on the oldest terrace at Du-Lan supports the conclusion that uplift rates in the Du-Lan area are greater than at Chang-Bin and Cheng-Gong.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1283
Number of pages13
JournalSoil Science Society of America Journal
Volume74
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1

Fingerprint

subtropical soils
chronosequences
terraces
chronosequence
terrace
Taiwan
Holocene
soil
Hapludolls
Hapluderts
Udipsamments
uplift
clay
tuff
arc-continent collision
coasts
pedon
coast
tectonics
cation exchange capacity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Huang, Wen Shu ; Tsai, Heng ; Tsai, Chen Chi ; Hseu, Zeng Yei ; Chen, Zueng Sang. / Subtropical soil chronosequence on holocene marine terraces in eastern Taiwan. In: Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 74, No. 4. pp. 1271-1283.
@article{45c038e274a14419aa88e593fdecfd89,
title = "Subtropical soil chronosequence on holocene marine terraces in eastern Taiwan",
abstract = "The Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan is characterized by rapid uplift at a rate of about 5 mm yr-1 because of active arc-continent collision since the Mio-Pliocene. The Coastal Range includes three main levels of Holocene marine terraces, labeled the first, second, and third levels descending to the coast. The soils that have developed on the terraces provide a chronosequence for pedogenic studies. Thirteen soil pedons formed from conglomerate associated with tuff were sampled along three transects in the central and southern part of the eastern coast of Taiwan near the localities of Chang-Bin, Cheng-Gong, and Du-Lan. The sous of the oldest terrace (first level) are mainly Typic Hapluderts with one Typic Hapludoll; the soils of the intermediate terrace (second level) are Vertic or Typic Hapludolls; and the soils of the youngest terrace (third level) are Typic Udipsamments. The degree of development of these soils can be determined from horizon index (HI), weighted profile development index (WPDI), weighted mean profile (WMP) clay, WMP silt, WMP sand, and WMP cation exchange capacity with correlation coefficients (r) >0.6 by linear or logarithmic functions. Comparisons of the chronohinctions based on WMP clay data in subtropical and Mediterranean climates suggest that climatic conditions not only control weathering intensity but also influence rates of soil development. The pedogenic evidence in this study supports the correlation of terraces suggested by previous geomorphic and tectonic studies. The anomalous, relatively weaker degree of soil development on the oldest terrace at Du-Lan supports the conclusion that uplift rates in the Du-Lan area are greater than at Chang-Bin and Cheng-Gong.",
author = "Huang, {Wen Shu} and Heng Tsai and Tsai, {Chen Chi} and Hseu, {Zeng Yei} and Chen, {Zueng Sang}",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2136/sssaj2009.0276",
language = "English",
volume = "74",
pages = "1271--1283",
journal = "Soil Science Society of America Journal",
issn = "0361-5995",
publisher = "Soil Science Society of America",
number = "4",

}

Subtropical soil chronosequence on holocene marine terraces in eastern Taiwan. / Huang, Wen Shu; Tsai, Heng; Tsai, Chen Chi; Hseu, Zeng Yei; Chen, Zueng Sang.

In: Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 74, No. 4, 01.07.2010, p. 1271-1283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subtropical soil chronosequence on holocene marine terraces in eastern Taiwan

AU - Huang, Wen Shu

AU - Tsai, Heng

AU - Tsai, Chen Chi

AU - Hseu, Zeng Yei

AU - Chen, Zueng Sang

PY - 2010/7/1

Y1 - 2010/7/1

N2 - The Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan is characterized by rapid uplift at a rate of about 5 mm yr-1 because of active arc-continent collision since the Mio-Pliocene. The Coastal Range includes three main levels of Holocene marine terraces, labeled the first, second, and third levels descending to the coast. The soils that have developed on the terraces provide a chronosequence for pedogenic studies. Thirteen soil pedons formed from conglomerate associated with tuff were sampled along three transects in the central and southern part of the eastern coast of Taiwan near the localities of Chang-Bin, Cheng-Gong, and Du-Lan. The sous of the oldest terrace (first level) are mainly Typic Hapluderts with one Typic Hapludoll; the soils of the intermediate terrace (second level) are Vertic or Typic Hapludolls; and the soils of the youngest terrace (third level) are Typic Udipsamments. The degree of development of these soils can be determined from horizon index (HI), weighted profile development index (WPDI), weighted mean profile (WMP) clay, WMP silt, WMP sand, and WMP cation exchange capacity with correlation coefficients (r) >0.6 by linear or logarithmic functions. Comparisons of the chronohinctions based on WMP clay data in subtropical and Mediterranean climates suggest that climatic conditions not only control weathering intensity but also influence rates of soil development. The pedogenic evidence in this study supports the correlation of terraces suggested by previous geomorphic and tectonic studies. The anomalous, relatively weaker degree of soil development on the oldest terrace at Du-Lan supports the conclusion that uplift rates in the Du-Lan area are greater than at Chang-Bin and Cheng-Gong.

AB - The Coastal Range in eastern Taiwan is characterized by rapid uplift at a rate of about 5 mm yr-1 because of active arc-continent collision since the Mio-Pliocene. The Coastal Range includes three main levels of Holocene marine terraces, labeled the first, second, and third levels descending to the coast. The soils that have developed on the terraces provide a chronosequence for pedogenic studies. Thirteen soil pedons formed from conglomerate associated with tuff were sampled along three transects in the central and southern part of the eastern coast of Taiwan near the localities of Chang-Bin, Cheng-Gong, and Du-Lan. The sous of the oldest terrace (first level) are mainly Typic Hapluderts with one Typic Hapludoll; the soils of the intermediate terrace (second level) are Vertic or Typic Hapludolls; and the soils of the youngest terrace (third level) are Typic Udipsamments. The degree of development of these soils can be determined from horizon index (HI), weighted profile development index (WPDI), weighted mean profile (WMP) clay, WMP silt, WMP sand, and WMP cation exchange capacity with correlation coefficients (r) >0.6 by linear or logarithmic functions. Comparisons of the chronohinctions based on WMP clay data in subtropical and Mediterranean climates suggest that climatic conditions not only control weathering intensity but also influence rates of soil development. The pedogenic evidence in this study supports the correlation of terraces suggested by previous geomorphic and tectonic studies. The anomalous, relatively weaker degree of soil development on the oldest terrace at Du-Lan supports the conclusion that uplift rates in the Du-Lan area are greater than at Chang-Bin and Cheng-Gong.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954605721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954605721&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2136/sssaj2009.0276

DO - 10.2136/sssaj2009.0276

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 1271

EP - 1283

JO - Soil Science Society of America Journal

JF - Soil Science Society of America Journal

SN - 0361-5995

IS - 4

ER -