Well-defined 1-D ZnO and ZnO:Cu semiconductor nanostructures have been fabricated by a low temperature solution process. Cu (0.073 nm) is chosen as a dopant due to the similar ionic radius with Zn (0.074 nm). The radius of ZnO:Cu nanorods observed by FE-SEM is lager than that of pure ZnO which indicates the growth rate of the nanorods can be obviously enhanced by the light doping of Cu. The XRD patterns of both compositions with single diffraction peak (002) show the same wurtzite hexagonal structure. Photoluminescence spectra show a red-shift of the UV emission peak position and a decrease of the luminescence intensity in green-yellow region. From the room temperature hysteresis loop, ferromagnetism is observed and the saturation magnetization decreases with the increase of the Cu concentration for ZnO:Cu nanorods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering