We present a ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) spin pumping experiment at room temperature in periodic arrays of permalloy nanodots of different radii deposited onto a 3D topological insulator Bi2Se3 film. We measure the dc voltage signal generated by spin-to-charge conversion of the pumped spin current due to the spin-orbit coupling in the bulk of Bi2Se3. In the nanostructured samples, two resonance peaks are observed, associated with Kittel and inhomogeneous edge modes, respectively. This more complex modal composition in comparison to continuous systems may provide additional advantages for development of prospective spintronic devices. We support our experimental results by theoretical calculations, which are based on micromagnetic modeling of the magnetization dynamics under FMR excitation in a nanodot. A numerical approach to the calculation of the spin-pumping voltage is proposed, and the efficiency of spin-to-charge conversion is estimated for two nanostructured samples with different dot sizes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)