Size effect of inserted iron nanoparticles in the MgO-based double barrier magnetic tunnel junction

Yen Chi Lee, Chia Hao Lin, A. K. Mishra, Te Ho Wu, Jong Ching Wu

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The transport properties of stacked CoFeB (1.86)/MgO (0.2)/Fe-nanoparticles (tFe)/MgO (0.5)/CoFeB(0.6) double barrier magnetic tunnel junctions have been characterized. In this investigation, stacked film is prepared by magnetron sputter system, annealed at 250°, and patterned into a micron-scale device using standard electron beam lithography in conjunction with two-angle ion beam etching. First, the structure, magnetic and electrical properties are examined by using transmission electron microscopy, alternating gradient magnetometers, and lock-in techniques. Stacked film having 1.5 nm lateral size of iron nanoparticles (sample S1) exhibits an in-plane magnetic anisotropy, nonetheless the stacked film having 2 nm lateral size of iron nanoparticles (sample S5) possesses out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy. In addition, the micron scaled S1 device displays not only a normal in-plane magnetoresistance (MR) curve but also an anomalous out-of-plane MR behavior, whereas the S5 device only barely shows magnetic response in the in-plane MR. A hysteresis-free linear region in out-of-plane MR curve has shown field sensitivity of ∼ 36 Ω/Oe that is promising for magnetic field sensor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2276014
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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