Silicon-based Ag dendritic nanoforests for light-assisted bacterial inhibition

Hung Ji Huang, Han Wei Chang, Yang Wei Lin, Shao Yi Chuang, Yung Sheng Lin, Ming Hua Shiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Silver dendritic nanoforests (Ag-DNFs) on silicon (Ag-DNFs/Si) were synthesized through the fluoride-assisted Galvanic replacement reaction (FAGRR) method. The synthesized Ag-DNFs/Si were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), reflection absorbance spectrometry, surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectrometry, and X-ray diffractometry. The Ag+ concentration in ICP-MS measurements indicated 1.033 mg/cm2 of deposited Ag synthesized for 200 min on Si substrate. The optical absorbance spectra indicated the induced surface plasmon resonance of Ag DNFs increased with the thickness of the Ag DNFs layer. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering measurement and a light-to-heat energy conversion test presented the superior plasmonic response of Ag-DNFs/Si for advanced applications. The Ag-DNFs/Si substrate exhibited high antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The large surface area of the dense crystal Ag DNFs layer resulted in high antibacterial efficiency. The plasmonic response in the metal–crystal Ag DNFs under external light illumination can supply energy to enhance bacterial inhibition. High-efficiency plasmonic heating by the dense Ag DNFs can lead to localized bacterial inhibition. Thus, the Ag-DNFs/Si substrate has excellent potential for antibacterial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2244
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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