Seasonal yeast compositions in Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forcipomyia taiwana, a biting midge, is one of the most annoying blood-sucking pests in Taiwan. The larvae of Forcipomyia species feed primarily on algae, and the adults feed on nectar for nutrition. After mating with male adults, females bite humans and digest blood for the formation and development of their eggs. The bites often cause human itching, swelling, skin lesion and even fatal shock. Harassment from this biting pest has become a serious problem and has influenced the quality of outdoor recreational activities. Thus, it is necessary to understand the ecology of F. taiwana to develop an effective control strategy. This study showed the seasonal variation of yeast compositions in the interior of F. taiwana. Furthermore, we found that Aureobasidium spp. appeared the most during collection times and these yeasts are able to decompose the cellulose, a major component in the cell wall of algae and Oomycete fungi. These fungi infect a broad range of host and have adverse effect on fitness of the biting midges. Thus, Aureobasidium spp. play a crucial role in the defense system of F. taiwana against pathogens. The study provides useful information that could be used in the development of biocontrol strategy in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-514
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

Fingerprint

algae
Forcipomyia
Aureobasidium
Ceratopogonidae
pests
yeasts
hematophagy
fungi
pruritus
Oomycetes
cell wall components
skin lesions
recreation
nectar
host range
Taiwan
biological control
cellulose
seasonal variation
adverse effects

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Seasonal yeast compositions in Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)",
abstract = "Forcipomyia taiwana, a biting midge, is one of the most annoying blood-sucking pests in Taiwan. The larvae of Forcipomyia species feed primarily on algae, and the adults feed on nectar for nutrition. After mating with male adults, females bite humans and digest blood for the formation and development of their eggs. The bites often cause human itching, swelling, skin lesion and even fatal shock. Harassment from this biting pest has become a serious problem and has influenced the quality of outdoor recreational activities. Thus, it is necessary to understand the ecology of F. taiwana to develop an effective control strategy. This study showed the seasonal variation of yeast compositions in the interior of F. taiwana. Furthermore, we found that Aureobasidium spp. appeared the most during collection times and these yeasts are able to decompose the cellulose, a major component in the cell wall of algae and Oomycete fungi. These fungi infect a broad range of host and have adverse effect on fitness of the biting midges. Thus, Aureobasidium spp. play a crucial role in the defense system of F. taiwana against pathogens. The study provides useful information that could be used in the development of biocontrol strategy in the future.",
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Seasonal yeast compositions in Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera : Ceratopogonidae). / Chen, Hung Wei; Chou, Jui Yu; Lin, Chung Chi; Wen, Yu Der; Wang, Wei Lung.

In: Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 509-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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