Release of nitric oxide from nitrated fatty acids: Insights from computational chemistry

Yi Hsin Su, Shih Sheng Wu, Ching-Han Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrated fatty acids (NO2-FAs) exhibit a variety of important biological attributes, including a nitric oxide (˙NO) donor and a cell-signaling molecule. We investigated the mechanisms of fatty-acid nitration, and the release of ˙NO from NO2-FAs. NO2-FAs are formed effectively by the addition of ˙NO2, followed by either hydrogen abstraction or addition of a second NO2. The latter reaction results in a vicinal nitronitrite ester form of FA, which isomerizes into vicinal nitrohydroxy FA via hydronium ion catalysis. The nitrohydroxy FAs exist in equilibria with NO2-FAs. Nitration of conjugated linoleic acid (cLA) was proved to be significantly more efficient than that of LA. In a nonaqueous environment, release of ˙NO from nitrite ester (ONO-FA) was facilitated by ˙NO2. Furthermore, the release of ˙NO from NO2-cLA is the most favorable in the nitrite ester mechanism. In an aqueous environment, the modified Nef reaction was shown to be feasible. In addition, the release of ˙NO from 10- and 12-NO2-LA involves a larger reaction barrier and is more endergonic than those from 9- and 13-NO2-LA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Computational chemistry
Nitric Oxide
Fatty Acids
Nitration
Conjugated Linoleic Acids
Esters
Nitrites
Cell signaling
Nitric Oxide Donors
Catalysis
Hydrogen
Molecules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Release of nitric oxide from nitrated fatty acids: Insights from computational chemistry",
abstract = "Nitrated fatty acids (NO2-FAs) exhibit a variety of important biological attributes, including a nitric oxide (˙NO) donor and a cell-signaling molecule. We investigated the mechanisms of fatty-acid nitration, and the release of ˙NO from NO2-FAs. NO2-FAs are formed effectively by the addition of ˙NO2, followed by either hydrogen abstraction or addition of a second NO2. The latter reaction results in a vicinal nitronitrite ester form of FA, which isomerizes into vicinal nitrohydroxy FA via hydronium ion catalysis. The nitrohydroxy FAs exist in equilibria with NO2-FAs. Nitration of conjugated linoleic acid (cLA) was proved to be significantly more efficient than that of LA. In a nonaqueous environment, release of ˙NO from nitrite ester (ONO-FA) was facilitated by ˙NO2. Furthermore, the release of ˙NO from NO2-cLA is the most favorable in the nitrite ester mechanism. In an aqueous environment, the modified Nef reaction was shown to be feasible. In addition, the release of ˙NO from 10- and 12-NO2-LA involves a larger reaction barrier and is more endergonic than those from 9- and 13-NO2-LA.",
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Release of nitric oxide from nitrated fatty acids : Insights from computational chemistry. / Su, Yi Hsin; Wu, Shih Sheng; Hu, Ching-Han.

In: Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society, Vol. 66, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 41-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nitrated fatty acids (NO2-FAs) exhibit a variety of important biological attributes, including a nitric oxide (˙NO) donor and a cell-signaling molecule. We investigated the mechanisms of fatty-acid nitration, and the release of ˙NO from NO2-FAs. NO2-FAs are formed effectively by the addition of ˙NO2, followed by either hydrogen abstraction or addition of a second NO2. The latter reaction results in a vicinal nitronitrite ester form of FA, which isomerizes into vicinal nitrohydroxy FA via hydronium ion catalysis. The nitrohydroxy FAs exist in equilibria with NO2-FAs. Nitration of conjugated linoleic acid (cLA) was proved to be significantly more efficient than that of LA. In a nonaqueous environment, release of ˙NO from nitrite ester (ONO-FA) was facilitated by ˙NO2. Furthermore, the release of ˙NO from NO2-cLA is the most favorable in the nitrite ester mechanism. In an aqueous environment, the modified Nef reaction was shown to be feasible. In addition, the release of ˙NO from 10- and 12-NO2-LA involves a larger reaction barrier and is more endergonic than those from 9- and 13-NO2-LA.

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