Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA

Jih Ru Hwu, Shwu Chen Tsay, Shih Chin Hong, Ming Hua Hsu, Chih Fen Liu, Shang Shing P Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99% yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1778-1783
Number of pages6
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 20

Fingerprint

Oximes
Esters
DNA
Intercalating Agents
Structure-Activity Relationship
Ultraviolet Rays
Intercalation
Ultraviolet radiation
Libraries
Chlorides
Condensation
Geometry
9,10-anthraquinone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Hwu, Jih Ru ; Tsay, Shwu Chen ; Hong, Shih Chin ; Hsu, Ming Hua ; Liu, Chih Fen ; Chou, Shang Shing P. / Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA. In: Bioconjugate Chemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 11. pp. 1778-1783.
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abstract = "The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99{\%} yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.",
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Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA. / Hwu, Jih Ru; Tsay, Shwu Chen; Hong, Shih Chin; Hsu, Ming Hua; Liu, Chih Fen; Chou, Shang Shing P.

In: Bioconjugate Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 11, 20.11.2013, p. 1778-1783.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chou, Shang Shing P

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AB - The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99% yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.

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