Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA

Jih Ru Hwu, Shwu Chen Tsay, Shih Chin Hong, Ming Hua Hsu, Chih Fen Liu, Shang Shing P. Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99% yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1778-1783
Number of pages6
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 20

Fingerprint

Oximes
Esters
DNA
Intercalating Agents
Structure-Activity Relationship
Ultraviolet Rays
Intercalation
Ultraviolet radiation
Libraries
Chlorides
Condensation
Geometry
9,10-anthraquinone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Hwu, Jih Ru ; Tsay, Shwu Chen ; Hong, Shih Chin ; Hsu, Ming Hua ; Liu, Chih Fen ; Chou, Shang Shing P. / Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA. In: Bioconjugate Chemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 11. pp. 1778-1783.
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abstract = "The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99{\%} yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.",
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Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA. / Hwu, Jih Ru; Tsay, Shwu Chen; Hong, Shih Chin; Hsu, Ming Hua; Liu, Chih Fen; Chou, Shang Shing P.

In: Bioconjugate Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 11, 20.11.2013, p. 1778-1783.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Relationship between structure of conjugated oxime esters and their ability to cleave DNA

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AU - Chou, Shang Shing P.

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AB - The size and geometry of polycycles are critical to intercalation into DNA. This work involves the establishment of a new compound library that includes 35 O-benzoyl oxime esters with intercalators of five types. These conjugated compounds were synthesized by the condensation of substituted benzoyl chlorides (XC6H4COCl; X = H, Me, CN, F, and NO2) or naphthoyl chlorides with oximes of fluoren-9-one, 9,10-anthraquinone, xanthen-9-one, thioxanthen-9-one, and 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide to give the corresponding esters in 80-99% yields. All of these compounds could cleave DNA when photolyzed by UV light. Of these conjugates, 9,10-anthraquinone-O-9-(4- fluorobenzoyl)oxime with a binding constant of 4.49 × 104 M-1 cleaved DNA most efficiently. Examination of the structure-activity relationship supports a conclusion that two factors affect DNA-cleaving potency. These are (1) the planarity of the intercalating moiety, and (2) the size and substituents of the benzoyl ring. The DNA-cleaving ability followed the order 9,10-anthraquinone > fluoren-9-one ≥ xanthen-9-one ∼ thioxanthen-9-one > 9H-thioxanthen-9-one 10,10-dioxide. The benzoyl-containing oxime ester conjugates were more active than the corresponding naphthoyl-containing conjugates. The potency that was associated with the different substituents on the benzoyl ring followed the order F > CN ≥ NO2 > Me ∼ H.

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