Real-time calculation of power system bus voltage using a hybrid approach combining the Newton-Raphson method and dynamic programming

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The calculation of the magnitudes and phase angles of the bus voltage is a challenging task in real-time applications for power systems. Voltage profile, which denotes the present conditions of a power system, is determined by executing the traditional AC power flow program or by searching the supervisory control and data acquisition system. The AC power flow program is not suitable for several real-time applications, such as contingency analysis and security control calculations, because of its complexity and convergence problems. Fast computation is the major concern in such applications. In this paper, a new method based on sensitivity factors, referred to as Jacobian-based distribution factors (JBDFs), is proposed for calculating the magnitudes and phase angles of bus voltages. This method requires setting up JBDFs and deriving optimal solution paths of bus voltage for non-swing buses through dynamic programming under base-case loading conditions. Under real-time conditions, the proposed method initially calculates real and reactive power line flows via JBDFs, and then computes the voltage magnitudes and phase angles of non-swing buses through the derived optimal solution paths. The excellence of the proposed hybrid calculation method is verified by IEEE test systems. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method exhibits fast computation and high accuracy. Thus, the method is suitable for real-time applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S34-S41
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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