Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) from Methanothermobacter marburgensis (Mtm), catalyses the final step in methane synthesis in all methanogenic organisms. Methane is produced by coenzyme B-dependent two-electron reduction of methyl-coenzyme M. At the active site of MCR is the corphin cofactor F430, which provides four-coordination through the pyrrole nitrogens to a central Ni ion in all states of the enzyme. The important MCRox1 ("ready") and MCRred1 ("active") states contain six-coordinate Ni(I) and differ in their upper axial ligands; furthermore, red1 appears to be two-electrons more reduced than in ox1 and other Ni(II) states that have been studied. On the basis of the reactivity of MCRred1 and MCRox1 with a substrate analogue and inhibitor (3-bromopropanesulfonate) and other small molecules (chloroform, dichloromethane, mercaptoethanol, and nitric oxide), we present evidence that the six-coordinate Ni(I) centers in the MCRred1 and MCRox1 states exhibit markedly different inherent reactivities. MCRred1 reacts faster with chloroform (2100-fold or 35000-fold when corrected for temperature effects), nitric oxide (90-fold), and 3-bromopropanesulfonate (106-fold) than MCRox1. MCRred1 reacts with chloroform and dichloromethane and, like F430, can catalyze dehalogenation reactions and produce lower halogenated products. We conclude that the enhanced reactivity of MCRred1 is due to the replacement of a relatively exchange-inert thiol ligand in MCRox1 with a weakly coordinating upper axial ligand in red1 that can be easily replaced by incoming ligands.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry