Psychometric validation of the Clubhouse climate questionnaire as an autonomy support measure for people with severe mental illness

Sandra Fitzgerald, Emre Umucu, Simran Arora, Garrett Huck, Susan Flowers Benton, Fong Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Self-determination represents a paradigm shift from "shoulds" to "decisions and behaviors" as the best options for helping people with mental illness achieving recovery goals. Autonomy support plays an important role in self-determination. Aims: The purpose of this study was to validate the Clubhouse climate questionnaire (CCQ) as an autonomy support measure. Method: One hundred and twenty-four participants were recruited from eight Clubhouse programs in Hawaii. Measurement structure of the CCQ was evaluated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Findings: CCQ is a unidimensional scale with good reliability and acceptable levels of divergent and convergent validity. Conclusions: CCQ is a brief, reliable and valid instrument for assessing autonomy support and contributes to the use of self-determination as a paradigm for improving recovery outcomes in psychiatric rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Mental Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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