Probing the magnetization reversal process of permalloy nano-rings with high wall height-to-thickness ratios

C. T. Chao, Chi-Yen Huang, C. Y. Kuo, Lance Horng, Jong-Ching Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report a study of magnetization reversal process on a tall magnetic nano-ring with a wall height-to-thickness ratio of up to 21. Samples in a hexagonal lattice pattern of ring array with an outer/inner diameter of 300/260 nm and a ring height of 420 nm are fabricated using electron beam lithography in conjunction with an ion beam etching technique. A longitudinal magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) measurement reveals that meta-stable states exist during the magnetization reversal process. In particular, the exact magnetization configurations at the top end of the nano-ring are illustrated using magnetic force microscopy (MFM) that is facilitated with a photoresist etch-back technique. Most interestingly, MFM images of two sets of head-to-head (H2H)/tail-to-tail (T2T) domain walls are captured during the magnetization reversal process. It is believed that the domain walls formation and evolution processes at the top end of the nano-ring are mediated by the anti-symmetrical distribution of the vortex domain wall on the tubular sidewalls. Simulation results using Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework confirm the MOKE hysteresis loop and MFM imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17B907
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume113
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 7

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thickness ratio
Permalloys (trademark)
magnetic force microscopy
magnetization
rings
domain wall
Kerr effects
photoresists
metastable state
lithography
ion beams
hysteresis
etching
electron beams
vortices
configurations
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Probing the magnetization reversal process of permalloy nano-rings with high wall height-to-thickness ratios",
abstract = "We report a study of magnetization reversal process on a tall magnetic nano-ring with a wall height-to-thickness ratio of up to 21. Samples in a hexagonal lattice pattern of ring array with an outer/inner diameter of 300/260 nm and a ring height of 420 nm are fabricated using electron beam lithography in conjunction with an ion beam etching technique. A longitudinal magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) measurement reveals that meta-stable states exist during the magnetization reversal process. In particular, the exact magnetization configurations at the top end of the nano-ring are illustrated using magnetic force microscopy (MFM) that is facilitated with a photoresist etch-back technique. Most interestingly, MFM images of two sets of head-to-head (H2H)/tail-to-tail (T2T) domain walls are captured during the magnetization reversal process. It is believed that the domain walls formation and evolution processes at the top end of the nano-ring are mediated by the anti-symmetrical distribution of the vortex domain wall on the tubular sidewalls. Simulation results using Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework confirm the MOKE hysteresis loop and MFM imaging.",
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Probing the magnetization reversal process of permalloy nano-rings with high wall height-to-thickness ratios. / Chao, C. T.; Huang, Chi-Yen; Kuo, C. Y.; Horng, Lance; Wu, Jong-Ching.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, No. 17, 17B907, 07.05.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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