Preparation and characterization of Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S) 2 films without selenization by co-sputtering from Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 quaternary and In 2 S 3 targets

Y. C. Lin, J. H. Ke, W. T. Yen, S. C. Liang, C. H. Wu, C. T. Chiang

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S) 2 (CIGSS) thin films were deposited onto a bi-layer Mo coated soda-lime glass by co-sputtering a chalcopyrite Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 (CIGS) quaternary alloy target and an In 2 S 3 binary target. A one-stage annealing process was performed to form CIGSS chalcopyrite phase without post-selenization. Experimental results show that CIGSS films were prepared by the proposed co-sputter process via CIGS (70 W by radio frequency) and In 2 S 3 (30 W by direct current) with a substrate temperature of 373 K, working pressure of 0.67 Pa, and one-stage annealing at 798 K for 30 min. The stoichiometry ratios of the CIGSS film were Cu/(In + Ga) = 0.92, Ga/(In + Ga) = 0.26, and Se/(S) = 0.49 that approached device-quality stoichiometry ratio (Cu/(In + Ga) < 0.95, Ga/(In + Ga) < 0.3, and (Se/S) ≈ 0.5). The resistivity of the sample was 14.8 Ω cm, with a carrier concentration of 3.4 × 10 17 cm -3 and mobility of 1.2 cm 2 V -1 s -1 . The resulting film exhibited p-type conductivity with a double graded band-gap structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4278-4284
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume257
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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