Facile and template-free two-step synthesis of bismuth oxychloride/graphene oxide (BiOCl/GO) and bismuth oxychloride/reduced graphene oxide (BiOCl/rGO) photocatalysts for degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under low-power white light–emitting diode (wLED) irradiation (1.6 W/cm2) and sunlight is demonstrated. These photocatalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and micro-Raman, Fourier-transform infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Under wLED irradiation, the prepared BiOCl/rGO photocatalysts exhibited excellent photodegradation activity toward RhB through chromophore cleavage mechanism and toward phenol in the presence of RhB with notable dye-sensitized effect. Through scavenging experiments, superoxide radicals were notably involved in RhB degradation. With the highest charge separation efficiency and lowest recombination rate, the photocatalytic activity of BiOCl/rGO reached a maximum rate constant of 0.1899 min−1, 2.0 and 3.0 times higher than those of BiOCl/GO and BiOCl, respectively. In the stability study, only a slight loss (4.5%) in photodegradation was observed after BiOCl/rGO was used in five cycles of photodegradation runs. Compared with commonly used photocatalyst such as TiO2 (P25), BiOCl/rGO demonstrated superior photocatalytic activity and stability under wLED irradiation for various dyestuffs (rhodamine 6 G, methylene blue, and fast green FCF) in different environmental water samples (lake, pond, and sea water).
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Feb 15|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)