Preparation and characterization of bismuth oxychloride/reduced graphene oxide for photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B under white-light light-emitting-diode and sunlight irradiation

Chu Ying Wang, Tsunghsueh Wu, Yang Wei Lin

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Facile and template-free two-step synthesis of bismuth oxychloride/graphene oxide (BiOCl/GO) and bismuth oxychloride/reduced graphene oxide (BiOCl/rGO) photocatalysts for degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under low-power white light–emitting diode (wLED) irradiation (1.6 W/cm2) and sunlight is demonstrated. These photocatalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and micro-Raman, Fourier-transform infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Under wLED irradiation, the prepared BiOCl/rGO photocatalysts exhibited excellent photodegradation activity toward RhB through chromophore cleavage mechanism and toward phenol in the presence of RhB with notable dye-sensitized effect. Through scavenging experiments, superoxide radicals were notably involved in RhB degradation. With the highest charge separation efficiency and lowest recombination rate, the photocatalytic activity of BiOCl/rGO reached a maximum rate constant of 0.1899 min−1, 2.0 and 3.0 times higher than those of BiOCl/GO and BiOCl, respectively. In the stability study, only a slight loss (4.5%) in photodegradation was observed after BiOCl/rGO was used in five cycles of photodegradation runs. Compared with commonly used photocatalyst such as TiO2 (P25), BiOCl/rGO demonstrated superior photocatalytic activity and stability under wLED irradiation for various dyestuffs (rhodamine 6 G, methylene blue, and fast green FCF) in different environmental water samples (lake, pond, and sea water).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-364
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 15


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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