Background: Indian jujube is a fruit abundantly cultivated in Taiwan. Its major allergen in latex-fruit syndrome is Ziz m 1 of the chitinase III family. The Ziz m 1 Pichia (rZiz m 1-P) has chitinase activity but not Ziz m 1 E. coli (rZiz m 1-E). Objective: This study examined whether plant chitinase III, using rZiz m 1-P and rZiz m 1-E, can stimulate allergic inflammation similar to that of mammalian chitinases. Methods: Five patients allergic to latexIndian jujube and five nonallergic controls were evaluated. Their peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were cultured with rZiz m 1-E or rZiz m 1-P and pulsed with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Eleven cytokines were measured by FlowCytomix human Th1/Th2 plex kit and interleukin (IL)-13 by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Interleukin-13 significantly increased in rZiz m 1-P stimulated PBMC of allergic subjects but was undetectable when stimulated with rZiz m 1-E. The stimulation index significantly increased in IL-13 (380.6 ± 77.33 vs 13.70 ± 6.92), IL-5 (6.70 ± 0.59 vs 0.70 ± 0.37), IL-1β (32.70 ± 0.83 vs 2.10 ± 1.29), and tumor necrosis factor beta (TNF-β) (17.10 ± 2.66 vs 1.50 ± 0.66) between allergic and nonallergic subjects after rZiz m 1-P stimulation. There was no difference in terms of IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-8, and TNF-α production. Conclusions: The biological function of chitinase activity is required for Ziz m 1 to induce a Th2-specific immune response. This is the first report on PBMC responses of latex-fruit syndrome subjects toward an active exogenous plant class III chitinase that can stimulate multiple cytokines, especially IL-13, from allergic subjects. This implies the role of cross-reactive food allergens in propagating allergic inflammation among allergic subjects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine