Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults: 11-year follow-up

Po Wen Ku, Kenneth R. Fox, Li Jung Chen, Pesus Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few studies have explored the reciprocal relationships between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in later life. Purpose: This study examined the reciprocal associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of Taiwanese older adults over an 11-year period. Methods: Analyses were based on nationally representative data from the Taiwan's Health and Living Status of the Elderly Survey collected in 1996, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Data from the fixed cohort of 1160 participants aged ≥67 years in 1996 with 11 years of follow-up were studied. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the ten-item Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression Scale. Physical activity was self-reported as the number of sessions per week. Latent growth modeling was used to examine the bidirectional associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms when controlling for sociodemographic variables, lifestyle behaviors, and health status. Data analyses were completed in 2011. Results: With multivariate adjustment, initial levels of physical activity were negatively associated with changes in depressive symptoms (β=-0.34, p<0.05). In contrast, early depressive symptoms were not related to change in physical activity (β=-0.17, p>0.05). Conclusions: Physical activity engagement in later life is associated with a lower risk of subsequent depressive symptoms, but the reverse association is not supported. The finding has underlying implications for future physical activity and mental health promotion in aged populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-362
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Exercise
Depression
Health Status
Social Adjustment
Health Promotion
Taiwan
Population
Life Style
Mental Health
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Ku, Po Wen ; Fox, Kenneth R. ; Chen, Li Jung ; Chou, Pesus. / Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults : 11-year follow-up. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 355-362.
@article{bf748d1338a34efca20a33c63ba39b3f,
title = "Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults: 11-year follow-up",
abstract = "Background: Few studies have explored the reciprocal relationships between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in later life. Purpose: This study examined the reciprocal associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of Taiwanese older adults over an 11-year period. Methods: Analyses were based on nationally representative data from the Taiwan's Health and Living Status of the Elderly Survey collected in 1996, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Data from the fixed cohort of 1160 participants aged ≥67 years in 1996 with 11 years of follow-up were studied. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the ten-item Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression Scale. Physical activity was self-reported as the number of sessions per week. Latent growth modeling was used to examine the bidirectional associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms when controlling for sociodemographic variables, lifestyle behaviors, and health status. Data analyses were completed in 2011. Results: With multivariate adjustment, initial levels of physical activity were negatively associated with changes in depressive symptoms (β=-0.34, p<0.05). In contrast, early depressive symptoms were not related to change in physical activity (β=-0.17, p>0.05). Conclusions: Physical activity engagement in later life is associated with a lower risk of subsequent depressive symptoms, but the reverse association is not supported. The finding has underlying implications for future physical activity and mental health promotion in aged populations.",
author = "Ku, {Po Wen} and Fox, {Kenneth R.} and Chen, {Li Jung} and Pesus Chou",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.amepre.2011.11.010",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "355--362",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults : 11-year follow-up. / Ku, Po Wen; Fox, Kenneth R.; Chen, Li Jung; Chou, Pesus.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 42, No. 4, 01.04.2012, p. 355-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity and depressive symptoms in older adults

T2 - 11-year follow-up

AU - Ku, Po Wen

AU - Fox, Kenneth R.

AU - Chen, Li Jung

AU - Chou, Pesus

PY - 2012/4/1

Y1 - 2012/4/1

N2 - Background: Few studies have explored the reciprocal relationships between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in later life. Purpose: This study examined the reciprocal associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of Taiwanese older adults over an 11-year period. Methods: Analyses were based on nationally representative data from the Taiwan's Health and Living Status of the Elderly Survey collected in 1996, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Data from the fixed cohort of 1160 participants aged ≥67 years in 1996 with 11 years of follow-up were studied. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the ten-item Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression Scale. Physical activity was self-reported as the number of sessions per week. Latent growth modeling was used to examine the bidirectional associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms when controlling for sociodemographic variables, lifestyle behaviors, and health status. Data analyses were completed in 2011. Results: With multivariate adjustment, initial levels of physical activity were negatively associated with changes in depressive symptoms (β=-0.34, p<0.05). In contrast, early depressive symptoms were not related to change in physical activity (β=-0.17, p>0.05). Conclusions: Physical activity engagement in later life is associated with a lower risk of subsequent depressive symptoms, but the reverse association is not supported. The finding has underlying implications for future physical activity and mental health promotion in aged populations.

AB - Background: Few studies have explored the reciprocal relationships between naturally occurring changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in later life. Purpose: This study examined the reciprocal associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms in a population-based sample of Taiwanese older adults over an 11-year period. Methods: Analyses were based on nationally representative data from the Taiwan's Health and Living Status of the Elderly Survey collected in 1996, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Data from the fixed cohort of 1160 participants aged ≥67 years in 1996 with 11 years of follow-up were studied. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the ten-item Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesDepression Scale. Physical activity was self-reported as the number of sessions per week. Latent growth modeling was used to examine the bidirectional associations between changes in physical activity and depressive symptoms when controlling for sociodemographic variables, lifestyle behaviors, and health status. Data analyses were completed in 2011. Results: With multivariate adjustment, initial levels of physical activity were negatively associated with changes in depressive symptoms (β=-0.34, p<0.05). In contrast, early depressive symptoms were not related to change in physical activity (β=-0.17, p>0.05). Conclusions: Physical activity engagement in later life is associated with a lower risk of subsequent depressive symptoms, but the reverse association is not supported. The finding has underlying implications for future physical activity and mental health promotion in aged populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863385794&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863385794&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.11.010

DO - 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.11.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 22424248

AN - SCOPUS:84863385794

VL - 42

SP - 355

EP - 362

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 4

ER -