Herein one-dimensional Sm-doped ZnO nanostructures have been successfully fabricated by a simple hydrothermal method at a low temperature of 90 °C. The effect of Sm doping on the microstructure, photoluminescence and magnetism of ZnO nanorods is also investigated. FE-SEM images show that the average diameter of the Sm-doped ZnO nanorods is obviously smaller than that of ZnO nanorods. Photoluminescence spectrum of Sm-doped ZnO nanorods shows a slightly red-shifted decrease of UV emission and an enhancement of photoluminescence performance of visible emission. Raman spectrum of Sm-doped ZnO nanorods reveals that the peak intensity corresponding to the E2 high mode decreases significantly compared with that of the pure ZnO nanorods, indicating the restraint of crystallization. Room temperature ferromagnetism is observed from magnetization curves of both ZnO and Sm-doped ZnO nanorods. The increase of the saturation magnetization induced by the Sm doping in the ZnO nanorods reveals an association with the increase of oxygen vacancies and oxygen interstitials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films