Based on the principle of Chiu et al., this work proposes a phase-sensitive total-internal-reflection (TIR) sensing system for measuring vacuum pressure. In the system, linearly polarized light propagates through a specially-designed phase-sensitive TIR apparatus composed of a wave-plate type phase shifter, an isosceles right-angle prism combined with a vacuum cavity, and an analyzer. Under the suitable axis azimuth of the wave plates and the analyzer, it can raise the phase difference of the s- and p- polarization states of the totally-reflected light beam from the TIR apparatus. The raised phase difference is related to the vacuum pressure; therefore the pressure is easily and accurately determinable with measuring the phase difference variation using the heterodyne phase-detection technique. The experimental results demonstrated the feasibility of this method. Measurement resolution and sensitivity levels superior to 0.4 torr and 0.02°/torr were respectively attainable in measurement region of 10 torr to 760 torr.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering