Person-organization and person-supervisor fits: Employee commitments in a Chinese context

Annelies E.M. Van Vianen, Chi Tai Shen, Aichia Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study simultaneously examined people's perceptions of person-organization (PO) and person-supervisor (PS) fit and related these perceptions to employees' commitments. Three-hundred-and-sixty employee-supervisor dyads from Taiwanese organizations reported about their PO fit and PS fit perceptions. In addition, supervisors reported about their perceptions of fit and guanxi with each of their employees. Results indicated that PO and PS fit perceptions both had an independent and additive relationship with organizational commitment. The link between employee PS fit perceptions and organizational commitment was mediated by commitment to the supervisor. Both employee and supervisor fit perceptions contributed to commitment to the supervisor through their influence on the quality of the leader-member exchange (LMX). Guanxi could not explain additional variance in LMX and supervisor commitment. Implications for theory and practices regarding person-environment fit, commitment, and LMX are discussed. The study findings offered suggestions for a new Theory of Multiple Fits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-926
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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