To elucidate the properties of pedogenic Cr and Ni in serpentine soils in terms of mobilization, three pedons on the shoulder (Entisol), backslope (Inceptisol), and footslope (Alfi sol) along a toposequence in eastern Taiwan were examined for metal partitioning and their geochemical origins. The analysis combined bulk soil analysis by selective sequential extraction (SSE) with mineralogical methods, including x-ray diff raction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) analyses. Experimental results showed that Cr and Ni were mainly concentrated in chromites and silicates, respectively, and were gradually exposed by weathering of the parent materials. The SEM/EDX analysis indicated that chemical modifi cation of the chromites was more prevalent near the soil surface and that the chemical modifi cation increased as available Cr content increased from the shoulder to the footslope. Landscape position was the most important factor in controlling the trends in Ni and Cr fractions. The footslope accumulated more total Cr and Ni than the shoulder and backslope. Additionally, the soil on the footslope received more eff ective precipitation as run-on water from upslope and was potentially more leached than the soils on the other landscape positions. The accumulation of clay and dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate (DCB) extractable Fe (Fe d) and the increase of exchangeable Ca/Mg ratio correlated with the increased total labile pools of Cr and Ni in the soil from the shoulder and backslope to the footslope. However, the concentrations of acid soluble, reducible, and oxidizable fractions (total labile pool) of Ni were higher than those of Cr, indicating that Ni was more available than Cr in all soils tested by the SSE procedures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Soil Science