Carrier transport characteristics of AlGaN-based deep-ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are theoretically investigated. Simulation results reveal that hole transport/injection may be severely obstructed by the large potential barrier at the p- electron-blocking layer/p-GaN interface. Under this circumstance, the slope efficiency degrades and electron leakage increases accordingly. By inserting the AlGaN interlayers to form band-engineered staircase p-region, both the transport/injection of holes and I-V characteristic are improved. Moreover, the LED characteristics become less sensitive to the polarization field, which is beneficial for obtaining high LED performance with the LED of high crystalline quality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering