In this work, we report the growth of smooth, high-quality N-face GaN on c-plane sapphire by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. It is found that the nitridation temperature of sapphire has a critical effect on the surface morphology of N-face GaN. Sapphire after a severe nitridation gives rise to a high density of hexagonal hillocks during N-face GaN growth. Smooth N-face GaN has been grown on appropriately nitridized sapphire. The N-polarity of the GaN film has been confirmed with no inversion domain by convergent beam electron diffraction. Controlled growth interruption is carried out to study the nucleation evolution during N-face GaN growth, which is found distinctly different from the two-step growth of Ga-face GaN. Atomically smooth N-face GaN has been achieved with comparable structural quality to Ga-face GaN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry