Molecular phylogeny of the genus Dichotomaria (Galaxauraceae, Rhodophyta) from the Indo-Pacific region, including a new species D. hommersandii from South Africa

Shao Lun Liu, Showe Mei Lin, Wei Lung Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Members of the Galaxauraceae are all calcified and have a wide distribution from tropical to temperate regions. Of the four genera of Galaxauraceae, only Dichotomaria contains two distinct thallus forms, which are (1) a flattened form with either narrow (e.g. D. marginata) or wide (e.g. D. diesingiana) branches, and (2) a terete form with either slender (e.g. D. papillata) or robust (e.g. D. obtusata) branches. In this study, we present a molecular phylogeny of new Dichotomaria samples from the Indo-Pacific region and describe a new species, D. hommersandii S.L. Liu & S.M. Lin, from South Africa, based on rbcL sequence analysis and morphological evidence. Dichotomaria hommersandii is characterized by a thallus consisting of terete smooth branches (0.5-1.5 mm in diameter), a moniliform branching pattern with constrictions at the nodes, ramification of young branches derived from the damaged terminal regions of the old branches, and cystocarps containing a conspicuous fusion cell. Our phylogenetic analyses indicate that the terete thallus morphology could be the ancestral character state in Dichotomaria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-234
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Phycology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

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