Crustacean molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), a polypeptide produced by neurosecretory cells in eyestalk ganglia, suppresses the synthesis of ecdysteroid molting hormones by paired Y-organs. Data from several sources indicate the effects of MIH are mediated, at least in part, by a cGMP second messenger. Based on these and related findings, our working hypothesis is that the MIH receptor is a receptor guanylyl cyclase (rGC). In studies reported here, we used a PCR-based cloning strategy (RT-PCR followed by 5′- and 3′-RACE) to clone from blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) Y-organs a cDNA (CsGC-YO1) encoding a putative rGC. DNA sequence analysis revealed a 3807 base pair open reading frame encoding a 56 residue signal peptide and a 1213 residue rGC. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence showed that CsGC-YO1 contains the signature domains characteristic of rGCs, including an extracellular ligand-binding domain, a single transmembrane domain, a kinase-like domain, a dimerization domain, and a cyclase catalytic domain. CsGC-YO1 is most closely related to an rGC from the crayfish, Procambarus claikii (PcGC-M2, 58.4% identity), and rGCs from three insect species (33.1-37.5% identity). Conserved cysteine residues are similarly distributed in the extracellular domains of CsGC-YO1, PcGC-M2, and the three insect rGCs. RT-PCR revealed the CsGC-YO1 transcript is expressed in Y-organs and several other tissues. While other interpretations of the data are possible, our working hypothesis is that the cloned cDNA encodes an MIH receptor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology