To remediate benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) -contaminated groundwater, a biotreatment process including biostimulation and bioaugmentation was simulated using oxygen-releasing reactive barriers (ORRB) and water with added BTEX in a lab-scale system. The results showed that the capability for BTEX removal decreases in the order of benzene, toluene, p-xylene, ethylbenzene for both added-nitrogen and no-added-nitrogen under BTEX concentrations at 30 mg l-1. The removal efficiencies in ORRB systems were higher in the nitrogen-added condition for biostimulation compared with the no-nitrogen-added condition; moreover, an increased pattern for removal was observed during the bioaugmentation process. The oxygen content was found to be inversely proportional to the distance from the ORRB, as evidenced by observing that the average bacteria densities were two orders higher when located at 15 cm compared with 30 cm from the ORRB. The microbial community structure was similar in both cases of added-nitrogen and the no-added-nitrogen conditions.
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