A simple and fast micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) method was developed to investigate phospholipids isolated from human high-density lipoproteins (HDL). To optimize the MEKC conditions, several factors including bile salt concentration and organic modifier concentration in the separation buffer as well as temperature have been examined. The optimal separation buffer chosen was a mixture of 50mM bile salts, 30% v/v 1-propanol and 10mM sodium phosphate (pH 8.5). The applied voltage and temperature selected were 25kV and 40°C, respectively. Meanwhile, high-salt stacking has been performed for sample pre-concentration to enhance peak sensitivity. Several factors including organic modifier concentration and salt concentration in the sample matrix as well as sample injection time have been optimized. The optimal sample buffer selected was a mixture of 100mM NaCl and 20% 1-propanol, and the optimal sample injection time selected was 32s under a pressure of 0.5psi. Several phospholipid standards including lysophosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl choline (PC), sphingomyelin, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl inositol, phosphatidyl serine and phosphatidic acid have been studied using the optimal MEKC method. The MEKC profile of the mixed phospholipid standards showed good separation and reproducibility. The linear ranges for PC and sphingomyelin were 0.025-1.2 and 0.025-2.0mg/mL, respectively. The concentration limits of detection of PC and sphingomyelin were 0.0156 and 0.0199mg/mL, respectively. Using phosphatidic acid as an internal standard, precision and accuracy have been measured for PC and sphingomyelin. The intraday and interday quantitative analysis showed good results. The new MEKC method has been used to characterize native, in vitro oxidized and glycated human HDL phospholipids within 16min. At absorbance 200nm, two similar peaks were observed for native and oxidized HDL phospholipids, but three peaks were observed for glycated HDL phospholipids. Interestingly, at absorbance 234nm, distinctively different MEKC profiles were observed for the three HDL phospholipids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry