TY - JOUR

T1 - Math self-concept and mathematics achievement

T2 - Examining gender variation and reciprocal relations among junior high school students in Taiwan

AU - Lee, Ching Yi

AU - Kung, Hsin Yi

N1 - Funding Information:
This article was supported by research projects funded by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology (NSC 98-2511-S-018-002-M and NSC 99-2511-S-018-014). Our gratitude goes to the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions. We also would like to express our appreciation to all the participants and people assisted in this study.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The study explored Taiwanese students' mathematics learning at the junior high school level. Utilizing structural equation modeling, it examined the relationships between math self-concept and mathematics achievement with longitudinal data. Participants included 1,256 Taiwanese seventh graders in the first wave and declined slightly to 1,211 eighth graders in the second wave. Findings indicated the following. First, the longitudinal effects were all significant: (a) prior mathematics achievement significantly predicted subsequent math self-concept (skill development model), (b) prior math self-concept significantly predicted subsequent mathematics achievement (self-enhancement model), and (c) the reciprocal effects model was supported, and the effects of achievement tended to become stronger and more systematic. Second, results showed significant gender variation with respect to math self-concept and mathematics achievement. Boys had significantly higher math self-concept than girls, whereas girls exhibited higher mathematics achievement than boys. The implications of these findings for cultivating students' interest in mathematics learning were discussed.

AB - The study explored Taiwanese students' mathematics learning at the junior high school level. Utilizing structural equation modeling, it examined the relationships between math self-concept and mathematics achievement with longitudinal data. Participants included 1,256 Taiwanese seventh graders in the first wave and declined slightly to 1,211 eighth graders in the second wave. Findings indicated the following. First, the longitudinal effects were all significant: (a) prior mathematics achievement significantly predicted subsequent math self-concept (skill development model), (b) prior math self-concept significantly predicted subsequent mathematics achievement (self-enhancement model), and (c) the reciprocal effects model was supported, and the effects of achievement tended to become stronger and more systematic. Second, results showed significant gender variation with respect to math self-concept and mathematics achievement. Boys had significantly higher math self-concept than girls, whereas girls exhibited higher mathematics achievement than boys. The implications of these findings for cultivating students' interest in mathematics learning were discussed.

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U2 - 10.29333/ejmste/82535

DO - 10.29333/ejmste/82535

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85041215794

VL - 14

SP - 1239

EP - 1252

JO - Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education

JF - Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education

SN - 1305-8215

IS - 4

ER -