High quality single-crystal magnesium diboride (MgB 2) nanowires with lengths exceeding 10μm were successfully synthesized by hybrid physical chemical vapor deposition. The magnetization and electrical transport properties of single-crystal MgB 2 nanowires (NWs) were measured. The superconducting transition temperature of the NWs was 37K, as confirmed by magnetization measurements. The disordered behavior of the nanowires was observed by four-terminal currentvoltage characteristic measurements of an individual NW from T=10 to 300K. The temperature-dependent resistivity curves for seven NWs collapsed into a universal curve described by the variable range hopping model, showing intrinsic nonmetallic transport properties. This implies that the granular superconducting defect states are critical to the superconductivity of the individual MgB 2 NWs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering