Well-defined ZnO and Sm-doped nanorods have been successfully fabricated by a low temperature hyderthermal process. The XRD patterns of both compositions with single diffraction peak (002) show the same wurtzite hexagonal structure. The radius of Sm-ZnO nanorods observed by FE-SEM is smaller than that of pure ZnO indicating the reduction of growth rate by the doping of Sm. Ferromagnetism is observed from the results of magnetization measurement. The increase of the saturation magnetization and decrease of coercivity reveal an association with the increase of oxygen vacancies induced by the doping of the Sm in the nanorods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics