Polycrystalline samples of Ca3-x Bi x Co 4O9+δ (x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.30) have been prepared by conventional solid-state synthesis. Thermopower of all the samples is positive, indicating that the predominant carriers are holes over the entire temperature range. The resistivity of all the samples, except the one with x = 0.30, exhibits nonmetal to metal transition (T MI) in the low temperature regime. The resistivity results indicate that all the doped samples obey the variable range hopping in the low temperature regime. The T MI and T (transition temperature from Fermi liquid metal to incoherent metal) increase, and the slope of A value (Fermi-liquid transport coefficient) decreases with the increasing Bi content due to an increase in chemical pressure in the lattice. Among the samples, Ca2.7Bi 0.3Co4O9+δ has the highest dimensionless figure of merit of 0.091 at 300 K. This value represents an improvement of about 135 % compared to the undoped Ca3Co4O 9+δ. Magnetic measurements indicate that all the samples exhibit a low-spin state of cobalt ion. The ferrimagnetic transition temperature is suppressed by the Bi dopant. These results suggest that Bi is an effective doping element for improving the thermoelectric properties of Ca 3Co4O9+δ.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering