Low temperature carbon monoxide oxidation over gold nanoparticles supported on sodium titanate nanotubes

Jui Ying Tsai, Jiunn Hsing Chao, Chiu-Hsun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Small gold particles having sizes of 1.0-2.0 nm were deposited on the surface of the sodium trititanate (Na2Ti3O7) nanotube by the ion exchange method. This nanotube-supported gold catalyst was able to oxidize CO at the sub-ambient temperature. In a pulse reactor, the gold catalyst could achieve a T50% of 218 K using 1.0 vol.% CO/He gas pulses (0.34 μmol CO/pulse). In the Au loadings of 0.39-2.53 wt.%, the activity of the gold catalyst increased with the gold loading. Calcination of nanotube support at higher than 383 K prior to the gold deposition produced a catalyst with a lower activity. Regarding the effect of calcining the gold particles on the activity (with NaTNT support calcined at 673 K), the catalyst with gold particles heated at 383 K only exhibited the best CO oxidation activity. XPS indicated that there are three gold species with different oxidation state, Au0, Au+1 and Auδ-, in the calcined gold catalysts. As calcination temperature increased, the Au0 concentration increased at the consumption of Au+1 species, while the Auδ- concentration remained relatively constant. This fact strongly suggested that Au+1 species must play an important role in the activity in the sub-ambient temperature region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume298
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 2

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Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Gold
carbon monoxide
Nanotubes
nanotubes
Sodium
sodium
gold
Nanoparticles
Oxidation
nanoparticles
oxidation
catalysts
Catalysts
Temperature
Calcination
roasting
ambient temperature
pulses

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Low temperature carbon monoxide oxidation over gold nanoparticles supported on sodium titanate nanotubes",
abstract = "Small gold particles having sizes of 1.0-2.0 nm were deposited on the surface of the sodium trititanate (Na2Ti3O7) nanotube by the ion exchange method. This nanotube-supported gold catalyst was able to oxidize CO at the sub-ambient temperature. In a pulse reactor, the gold catalyst could achieve a T50{\%} of 218 K using 1.0 vol.{\%} CO/He gas pulses (0.34 μmol CO/pulse). In the Au loadings of 0.39-2.53 wt.{\%}, the activity of the gold catalyst increased with the gold loading. Calcination of nanotube support at higher than 383 K prior to the gold deposition produced a catalyst with a lower activity. Regarding the effect of calcining the gold particles on the activity (with NaTNT support calcined at 673 K), the catalyst with gold particles heated at 383 K only exhibited the best CO oxidation activity. XPS indicated that there are three gold species with different oxidation state, Au0, Au+1 and Auδ-, in the calcined gold catalysts. As calcination temperature increased, the Au0 concentration increased at the consumption of Au+1 species, while the Auδ- concentration remained relatively constant. This fact strongly suggested that Au+1 species must play an important role in the activity in the sub-ambient temperature region.",
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Low temperature carbon monoxide oxidation over gold nanoparticles supported on sodium titanate nanotubes. / Tsai, Jui Ying; Chao, Jiunn Hsing; Lin, Chiu-Hsun.

In: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, Vol. 298, No. 1-2, 02.02.2009, p. 115-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Small gold particles having sizes of 1.0-2.0 nm were deposited on the surface of the sodium trititanate (Na2Ti3O7) nanotube by the ion exchange method. This nanotube-supported gold catalyst was able to oxidize CO at the sub-ambient temperature. In a pulse reactor, the gold catalyst could achieve a T50% of 218 K using 1.0 vol.% CO/He gas pulses (0.34 μmol CO/pulse). In the Au loadings of 0.39-2.53 wt.%, the activity of the gold catalyst increased with the gold loading. Calcination of nanotube support at higher than 383 K prior to the gold deposition produced a catalyst with a lower activity. Regarding the effect of calcining the gold particles on the activity (with NaTNT support calcined at 673 K), the catalyst with gold particles heated at 383 K only exhibited the best CO oxidation activity. XPS indicated that there are three gold species with different oxidation state, Au0, Au+1 and Auδ-, in the calcined gold catalysts. As calcination temperature increased, the Au0 concentration increased at the consumption of Au+1 species, while the Auδ- concentration remained relatively constant. This fact strongly suggested that Au+1 species must play an important role in the activity in the sub-ambient temperature region.

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