We report on the formation of nonalloyed Ti and Ni ohmic contacts to ZnO films grown by pulsed-laser deposition. The experimental results show a lower barrier height of the Ti/ZnO samples than that of the Ni/ZnO samples (due to the lower work function of Ti than Ni), suggesting the Fermi-level unpinning at the interfaces. Based on the thermionic-emission or the thermionic-field-emission model, we found weak barrier-height dependence of the contact resistivity, implying that the presence of hydroxide in ZnO (i.e. the formation of the narrow depletion region at the metal/ZnO interface) resulted in the excess current component related to tunnelling, which led to the formation of the low-resistance nonalloyed metal/ZnO contact. The measurement temperature dependence of the contact resistivity revealed that the dominant current transport mechanism is field emission.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films